How to write and name formulas in chemistry

Hence, "mercury II chloride", but not "mercury chloride". Does it matter which end you start counting from.

Prefixes might be present to indicate more than one atom. We can identify it's composed of magnesium and chlorine. Since there is only one nitrogen atom AND it is the first element the prefix mono is not used.

How to Write a Chemical Formula

The names of aldehydes end in al. For example, write the symbols for magnesium oxide along with their respective charges. When you are ready, click on the "Continue Tutorial" link below.

This is shown in a name by the ending ol. This is a one carbon chain with no carbon-carbon double bond obviously.

How to write chemical formulas and names?

Once again it doesn't matter whether the ethyl and methyl groups point up or down. So, its name should be of the form "Xphosphorus Yoxide". The cation is always named first and the anion second.

Note that if Word does not sense it is possible to make this change, you will not see any difference on the Word page.

Chemical formula

However, polyatomic anions generally do not end in an -ide. The carbon-oxygen double bond has to be in the middle of the chain and so must be on the number 2 carbon. The following problems require that your browser is capable of handling javascript.

Covalent compounds created from two nonmetals are easy to write from their name.

How to Write Chemical Formulas for Transition Metals

Filling in the hydrogen atoms gives: Write the structural formula for propene. Write the structural formula for propanal. Groups 13, 14 and 18 have variable charges, and groups 15 through 17 are anions, meaning they have negative charges. Chemical reactions are composed of elements and compounds which are described through chemical equations using symbols and formulas.

When comparing the different types of formulae used to describe organic molecules it is useful to be able to list the information missing from the molecular formulae of organic compounds.

Are there any carbon-carbon double bonds?. The order of the letters in a group should be maintained when writing the formula. The elements and groups with positive charges Examples of Ionic Inorganic Compounds. Try to figure out the name or formula and then click on the formula or name to see the correct answer.

Return to Inorganic Chemistry Tutorials. Naming ions and chemical compounds Worksheet #1 If there is no polyatomic ion in the formula, just write the name of the formula. Writing Chemical Formulas Worksheet #6 Chemical Name Cation Anion Chemical formula Barium Hydroxide Mercury (I) nitrite Sodium hydrogen.

Writing ionic formulas requires knowing the charges of ions in the compound. In general, the charge of the positive ion is written on the negative ion and the charge of the negative ion is written on the positive ion creating a cross-over.

The Chemistry Name Game Contributed by Butane: The Carroll College Chemistry Club Main Science Idea for Kids write each chemical formula and name each compound correctly.

The instructor should also review the score for forming each compound. Scoring is described in. If there is no polyatomic ion in the formula, just write the name of the formula. Formula polyatomic ion formula Name of polyatomic ion Name or chemical formula 1.

Fe(ClO) 2 2. LiHCO 3 3. KClO 3 4. (NH 4) 2 S 5. Zn(H 2 PO 4)2 6. NaClO 2 7. MgSO 3 8. CuNO 2 9. Ag 3 PO 4 H 2 S H 2 SO 4 Al 2 (SiO) 3 Trinitrogen Hexachloride H 3 PO 3 Disulfur Trioxide Use these flashcards to practice writing chemical formulas for ionic compounds.

Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free.

Chemical Nomenclature and Chemical Formulas How to write and name formulas in chemistry
Rated 4/5 based on 36 review
Periodic Table of the Elements - Steps to writing chemical formulas