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Religious destinations in the Himalayas, where devotees flock in millions now, are also hot destinations for medicinal plant trade, which has threatened plant life in the area. Semi-Arid Areas Adjoining the desert are the semi-arid areas, a transitional zone between the desert and the denser forests of the Western Ghats.

In the Western Ghats, studies have shown that the deciduous and the evergreen forests of Karnataka are the most at risk [37] [38]. These islands have a highly diverse set of biomes and occupy 0.

Mammals like the Golden langurThe Himalayan tahrthe pygmy hogLangursAsiatic wild dogssloth bearsGaursMuntjacSambarSnow leopardBlack bearBlue sheep, Takinthe Gangetic dolphinwild water buffaloswamp deer call the Himalayan ranged their home.

Himalayas The Himalayas consist of the youngest and loftiest mountain chains in the world. Apart from biological diversity, the region boasts of high levels of cultural diversity, as many indigenous people inhabit its forests.

Biogeographic classification of India

Climate change may significantly affect the temperatures, rainfalls and water tables in the Western Ghats, according to an assessment by the Government of India. Biogeography is the study of the biosphere and of human effects on plants and animals.

The original vegetation of the ill-drained valley bottoms with sluggish streams in elevations below m would be often a special formation, the Myristica swamp. The backwaters are the characteristic features of this coast.

Over the last 25 years, NatureServe has cultivated a cadre of more than a dozen ecologists that are experts in the development of terrestrial and coastal and marine ecological classification standards, methods, and tools.

The Western Ghats are well-known for harboring 14 endemic species of caecilians i. Anai mudi is the highest peak of this region. The country has been divided into following nine floristic Botanical regions: These forests comprise the plants Shorea robusta, Acacia catechu, Dalbergia sissoo, Terminalia, Albizia, Dendrocalamus etc.

The backwaters are the characteristic features of this coast. Page 1 of 5.

Complete information on Biogeographical Classification of India

The higher altitude forests were, if at all, sparsely populated with tribal people. Biogeographers have classified India into ten biogeographic zones with each zone having characteristic climate, soil and biodiversity.

With a maximum width of 58 kms the island forests of Lakshadweep in the Bay of Bengal have some of the best-preserved evergreen forests of India. The Deccan plateau is surrounded by the western and the eastern ghats.

This is the largest unit of the Peninsular Plateau of India. Geography of India India is the seventh largest country in the world in terms of area.

It lies on the Indian Plate, which is the northern portion of the Indo-Australian Plate.

Geography of India

According to a recent classification done by the Wild-Life Institute of India, the country has ten Complete information on Biogeographical Classification of India Home.

biogeographical classification 1. BiogeographicalClassification of India 2. India, being a vast country, shows a great diversity in climate, topography and geology and hence the country is very rich in terms of biological diversity. Biogeographical classification of india 1. BIOGEOGRAPHICAL CLASSIFICATION OF INDIA 2.

INTRODUCTION Biogeographic classification of India is the division of India according to biogeographic characteristics. Biogeography is the study of the distribution of species (biology), organisms, and ecosystems in geographic space and through. Sri Lanka, which lies to the south of India, is also a country rich in species diversity.

It has been connected with India through several past glaciation events by a land bridge almost kn wide.


How the biodiversity of Western Ghats originated is a still a puzzle. The region shows biogeographical affinities to the Malayan region. The classifications are based on vegetation and ecological criteria, including vegetation growth forms and structure, plant species (including the characteristic species combination of diagnostic, constant and dominant species), and ecological characteristics such as site, disturbance, bioclimate, and biogeography.

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